This is an illustration from Robert Louis Stevenson's 1883 novel Treasure Island. In this scene, Billy Bones has died of a heart attack after being given the black spot by Blind Pew. Having originally fled the inn, Jim Hawkins and his widowed mother return to get the money which Bones owed them. They think they have until ten o'clock at night before Pew and his cohorts return, which was what the time written on the black spot, but it is only a little after six in the evening when they hear the tapping of Blind Pew's cane on the street outside.
This image is taken from the book The Magician's Nephew, which is the first book in the Chronicles of Narnia. In it, thanks to the scheming of young Digory Kirke's criminally stupid Uncle Andrew (the titular magician) Digory and his friend Polly are sent to another world and inadvertently loose the mad Queen Jadis of Charn upon ours. This is an illustration of her caroming through the streets of London atop a hansom cab, causing destruction and disruption about the city, intent on becoming supreme ruler. Unfortunately for her, the phlegm of Londoners in 1900 was not so easily disturbed; they assume that she is drunk and/ or crazy and merely call for a bobby. To her enraged incredulity, her threats of death and total annihilation are met with jeers and mocking laughter. When I was a child, our family had quite an elderly set of The Chronicles of Narnia, which were ordered in the sequence in which they were written. This meant that it was sixth out of the seventh books. As it is actually a prequel to The Lion, The Witch, and The Wardrobe, I remember having quite a few "aha!" moments as I realized who certain characters were, or would become, and how certain things came about in the previous books. In newer sets, the books are in Narnian chronological order, so The Magician's Nephew is now the first book in the series.
This illustration is from Laura Ingalls Wilder's 1932 book, Little House In The Big Woods. In it, Laura is fussing about not being allowed to play on Sunday, so Pa tells her a story about her grandfather when he was a boy. Grandpa and his brothers had built a new sled, but finished it too late on Saturday to try it out. On Sunday, they weren't allowed to play but were expected to sit quietly and read the Bible. Throughout the long afternoon, all the boys can think of is their new sled and, when they notice that their father has nodded off, sneak out of the house. Quietly they get the sled out and take it to the top of the hill. They silently start down the hill, not daring to make a sound. Suddenly though, one of the pigs wanders into the path of the sled. Unable to avoid the porker, the sled hits him and he ends up on top of the sled with the boys, headed down the hill. Terrified, the pig squeals loudly all the way down and the boys see their father, now wide awake, emerge from the house. The boys put the sled away and slink back to the house, knowing that as soon as Sunday is over punishment will be swift.
This illustration is from PG Wodehouse's short story, Comrade Bingo, which is found in the collection The Inimitable Jeeves. In this story, Bertie's friend Bingo, once again smitten, has become enamored with a girl who is part of a communist group in London called Red Dawn. Wanting to impress the girl's father, who leads the group, Bingo talks Bertie into hosting a tea for his inamorata (her name is Charlotte Corday Rowbotham, after the Charlotte Corday who stabbed Jean-Paul Marat to death in his bath during the French Revolution), her father, and another member of the gang, Comrade Butt. Comrade Rowbotham gets off on the wrong foot with Jeeves immediately, calling him "an obsolete relic of an exploded feudal system," but he seems to mellow a bit after he and the other Red Dawners gobble up all the food with alarming rapidity. Comrade Butt, however, takes umbrage at the generous tea: "I wonder the food didn't turn to ashes in our mouths! Eggs! Muffins! Sardines! All wrung from the bleeding lips of the starving poor!" As Bertie notes though, this sense of moral outrage didn't stop Butt or the others from helping themselves to all the eats in sight: "It was all very well for Comrade Butt to knock the food, but he had pretty well finished the ham; and if you had shoved the remainder of the jam into the bleeding lips of the starving poor it would hardly have made them sticky." Comrade Bingo is one of my favourite Jeeves and Wooster stories; it's laugh-out-loud funny in places, and Wodehouse shows the same skill at mocking the pretensions and hypocrisies of the communists as he did in The Code of the Woosters, when he gleefully skewered the fascists in the form of Roderick Spode and his brown shorts.
This illustration is from an event which takes place in Frances Hodgson Burnett's The Little Princess. In it, Sara Crewe, who is cold and hungry due to the deliberate neglect of Miss Minchin, finds a coin on the street. She takes it to a bakery and uses it to buy a few buns. As she leaves the shop, she sees a small child begging on the street. She gives the younger child all of the buns she bought except one which she keeps for herself. After she leaves, the baker who had been watching out her window, is moved by Sara's act and invites the small beggar into her shop to warm up and have some more food.
This is an illustration from Gulliver's Travels, the satirical 1726 book by Jonathan Swift. It depicts Gulliver catching sight of the flying island of Laputa, which is in the skies above the land of Balnibarbi. The king of Balnibarbi rules from the island, which is circular, 4.5 miles in diameter on an adamantine base, and apparently is supported by magnetic fields.